Archive for the 'Hand Planes' Category

31
Jan
09

Episode 12 – Hand Planes, Part 2

Specialty Planes

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Veritas Skewed Rabbet plane. Not skewered rabbit. NO.

The Web’s Only Totally Galoot Podcast(tm) continues our journey through the drawer of hand planes by picking up and examining the scrub plane. So many of these planes are made from old smoothers, and I thought I had an original idea. Someday I’ll be able to afford the LN 40. Maybe. Our next stop is with the variety of rabbet and plough (plow) planes available today. I’ve become a huge fan of Veritas’ skewed rabbet plane, shown here on the right.

norris-infill-shoulder-no-7

Norris No.-7 Infill

There are actually all kinds of ways to cut rabbets and dados, and to plough grooves (to dado is to groove a trench that run perpendicular to the grain, and to plough is to to groove a trench parallel to the grain,) including using knives to score the borders and chisels to remove the waste, but this is admittedly long and tedious in process, and not particularly accurate over the long haul (DAMHIKT.) We therefore turn to rabbet, shoulder, fillister (moving and/or standing), and plough planes to get the job done. On the left is a Norris No.-7 infill shoulder plane, the object of many a poor Galoot’s lust.

stanley-48

A crispy Stanley No.-48 match plane, for a match made in heaven.

The match plane is the traditional name for the plane that makes tongues and grooves. Prior to today’s wonder glues, tongue and groove construction was just about as strong as it gets in terms of joining the edges of boards together, since glue really isn’t much of a factor. In the old farmhouse we live in, for example, the floors are all dry tongue and groove, and since they were installed 90 years ago they have each shrunk despite best efforts to maintain a finish on them (cheezy linoleum aside.) Wood shrinks the greatest at its width, and as each plank shrinks it tends to pull back from its neighbor. Having the tongue in between the planks keeps (or at least slows down) the breezes from blowing up through between the planks. FWIW, all the ceilings are beaded board tongue and groove as well. These are photos of my extremely cool Stanley No.-48 match plane, which makes making perfect tongues and grooves extremely easy.

Stanley 98-99

Stanley No.-98, No.-99 Side Rabbet planes. For planing your side rabbets.

The Sanley No.-98 and No.-99 are kind of the standard by which other side rabbet planes are judged, and they are always very welcome in the tool chest. The reason is not hard to understand; if you plough your dado at exactly 5/8″, but you find out your stock is 17/32″, you can choose to plane your stock, which will necessitate re-thicknessing the stock you are woorking on, and need more effort because the stock has probably got a lot more surface area than the dado sides have. Whip one of these babies out, get after the side of the dado, and in no time its just like the woodworking elves have taken care of the problem for you, while you were sleeping. Even those recovering Normites that use dado stacks set up for birch plywood purchased from a Blue Big Box store and then go to their plywood stash and grab an old piece of Orange Big Box store birch plywood for something like that… oh, say… one last shelf in some, just for example, shop furniture project along the lines of, just for example, say, a Spagnuolo-inspired torsion-box assembly table, just off the top of my head… could use one of these with differing plywood widths. You would have to find a 98 or 99 set up for the metric system, however. I’m really glad that nothing like that has happened to me, thought. (Whew!)

I wish we had time, space, etc. to cover all the arcane and even weird planes out there. We have an increasing number of extremely high quality plane makers that are turning out heirloom-quality stuff, and the ones I’ve met are so cool because they love woodworking and they love being with Galoots and talking about woodworking. I need to lift up at least a couple of them for attention. First up is Jim Leamy, who seriously didn’t mind that I was flat broke and that his planes are worth more than my wife’s car, he just wanted to chat with me. I’m afraid that I’m usually a better conversant – I was rather busy staring at his work. These are only a couple of his planes:

jim-leamy-center-wheel2

Jim Leamy's Center Wheel Plough Plane

jim-leamy-mahogany_plow_2

Jim Leamy's Mahogany Plough. Yup, accents are ivory. I-v-o-r-y.

jim-leamys-ultimate

Jim Leamy's Ultimate model. Wonder how it got THAT name...

Please visit my hand plane web pages for a list of great links!

Oh yeah, the Podcast:

23
Jan
09

Episode 11 – Hand Planes, Part 1

A luthier's finger plane, NOT for planing your fingers...

Luthier's finger plane (NOT for planing fingers)

I have bad news for you. Although he was a brilliant inventor, Leonard Bailey was NOT the Messiah! What he did do was advance the art of plane manufacturing, combining efficient manufacturing, good design, and good business acumen (selling his patent rights to Stanley Rule & Level Co.) Later on, he didn’t do so well because he chose to compete against the very folks (the tool giant) he sold out to. Sometimes you get the chicken, sometimes you get the feathers. Nonetheless, hand planes have certainly felt his influence.

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A sexy Stanley No.-4 from the WWII era.

This is the episode we begin to look at a huge subject, that of hand planes. Planes seem to have stirred the greatest interest of tool collectors for long enough that volumes of valuable information on history, manufacture, anomolies, and how to type many of the recognizable – and some a bit more arcane – is all readily available with a minimum expenditure of effort. As I researched information for this and the next podcast, I became increasinly impressed with the ingenuity of the Galoot; if something isn’t available, the Galoot made it. Sometimes that meant relying on the blacksmith, but it seems that, especially prior to the Civil War, that the Galoot would be so inclined to spend his own time with hammer and forge. The Bailey pattern plane, no matter what marque it bears, is the story of the Industrial Revolution and the shift away from widespread wooden plane use. We can almost track history; I offer exhibit B, a type-17 Stanley No.-4 smoothing plane with funky red-stuff handle that was painted black and the relatively tiny depth adjusting nut is made out of hard, black, rubber (recycled Jeep tires?) rather than the customary brass. This one here has become my po-boy scrub plane, which doesn’t work out real well because it still remembers it was made to be a smoother.

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My Stanley 60-1/2 with racing stripes.

It’s very important to have a really good block plane, and I have one in my 60-1/2. I like it because its a stealth conversion; someone with brilliant forethought concluded that if he (or she) added the gold metalflake paint to this plane that made his (or her) AMC Gremlin model look so cool, then that would absolutely punch holes in its value (the plane’s, not the Gremlin’s) and some struggling Galoot down the road would be able to get full functionality at a discounted price. I know that there is a God because that someone with brilliant foresight was NOT me (anyone who knows me can testify to that) and that I’ve never owned either a Gremlin or a Gremlin model. I can do better than that, actually, because one of my girlfriend’s father had given her an orange Pacer stationwagon. Everybody said, “Oh, God!” as we drove past.

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A cleverly conservative execution of a fantastic plane kit!

I will soon be blogging about my really cool Christmas present, but now is a great time for a sneak preview. My parents had obviously been peeking at Santa’s “nice” list (now just hold on a minute!) Anyway, under the synthetic, non-allergenic, non-asthma-attack-inducing genuine Canadian Pine fake Christmas tree there lay a package containing a plane kit from Ron Hock. Now, I’m one who loves to use wooden planes, but they always have been Other People’s Planes (OPP.) Now I have the chance to use one of my own, WOO-HOO! As soon as it’s finished, of course. It’s so much cooler for me now since Woodworking In America 2008, as I had the chance to meet Ron Hock himself, and sho’nuff, he’s one of us! In the podcast I make note of the fact that, like chisels, wooden planes are used in conjuction with mallets (for adjusting the plane, of course!) Here’s my set-up.

For Further Reading

Here are a few very important links for you to book mark for further study, illumination, and reference:

Patrick Leach, one of the original OldTools Listerv masterminds where he was (is) known by (among other things) the moniker, “The Merchant of Ashby,” is one of my primary dispensers of vintage Stanley iron and consequently one of the reasons I work. He has compiled a world-famous (world-wide-web famous?) cross between a subversive treatise, a hortatory sermon, and an old-time SNL feature on Stanley metallic planes known universally as Patrick’s Blood & Gore, and found here: Patrick’s Blood & Gore.

Yet another fellow Galoot, Jay Sutherland (who does not have nearly as many weird and humorous monikers as Patrick,) assembled a page in the 1990’s that breaks down the Stanley plane type study very clearly. Doing a type study on a given plane is fundamental to understanding an individual plane’s collector value (if you do that collecting sort of nonsense. I don’t.) You can find Jay’s excellent resource here: The Stanley Bench Plane Dating Page.

Patrick’s B & G, revised and illustrated by listmom Ralph Brendler and Allen Fisher here: Revised B & G

If you’re in the market for vintage Stanley baubles, I would highly recommend avoiding the eBay route where quality control can be “iffy” (yes, I know, eBay will make them play nice, etc.) I am militant in my belief regarding helping my friends prosper, so I will always recommend two Galoots I’ve had personal dealings with over the years, and have always been treated a lot better than just fairly. Patrick Leach, as already mentioned, is one, and Sandy Moss is the other (Sandy’s Tools-For-Sale page is here: Sandys Tools.) And just for the record, I’m not getting paid for this by either of these gents.

That’s it for part 1… here’s the podcast. Come back for more fun in part 2!




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